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All about the CLAT-PG examination: Syllabus, Eligibility and Tips for preparation.


CLAT stands for Common Law Admissions Test. It is an all India entrance examination conducted by the CLAT Consortium of the National Law Schools/Universities for admissions to their under-graduate and post-graduate degree programmes (LL.B & LL.M). The responsibility of conducting the exam is rotated and given on the basis of seniority in the establishment.

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), is, conducted on rotation by 22 National Law Universities (NLUs) for admissions to their Under-Graduate and Post-Graduate degree programmes. The 22 participating NLUs in the order of their year of establishment are:

  1. National Law School of India University, Bangalore (NLSIU)

  2. NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad (NALSAR)

  3. National Law Institute University, Bhopal (NLIU)

  4. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (WBNUJS)

  5. National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ)

  6. Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (HNLU)

  7. Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (GNLU)

  8. Dr Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow (RMLNLU)

  9. The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala (RGNUL)

  10. Chanakya National Law University, Patna (CNLU)

  11. National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (NUALS)

  12. National Law University, Orissa (NLUO)

  13. National University of Study & Research in Law, Ranchi (NUSRL)

  14. National Law University & Judicial Academy, Assam (NLUJA)

  15. Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam (DSNLU)

  16. The Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli (TNNLS)

  17. Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai

  18. Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur

  19. Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad

  20. HP National Law University, Shimla

  21. Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur

  22. DR.B.R.Ambedkar National Law University, Haryana


In order to appear for the CLAT PG examination, one has to identify the following eligibility criteria:

  1. An LL.B Degree or an equivalent examination with a minimum of Fifty per cent (50%) of marks or its equivalent grade in case of candidates belonging to General/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI categories and Forty-Five per cent (45%) of marks or its equivalent grade in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST categories.

  2. Candidates appearing in the qualifying examination in the same as the CLAT examination are also eligible to apply.

  3. No upper age limit is prescribed for appearing in CLAT.

  4. Tie Breaker Rule: In case of equal marks, the break of tie shall be by the following procedure and order as under:

  5. Higher age;

  6. Computerised draw of lots.


The PG-CLAT will feature an emphasis on the comprehension abilities of the students.

  • It shall be of 120 minutes duration, with two sections.

  • The first section would include 100 objective-type questions carrying 1 mark each. There shall be a negative marking of 0.25 marks for every wrong answer.

  • The second section would require candidates to write 2 descriptive essays, 50 marks each.

  • The paper will be based on the mandatory subjects of the undergraduate program and include Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Administrative Law, Law of Contract, Torts, Family Law, Criminal Law, Property Law, Company Law, Public International Law, Tax Law, Environmental Law, and Labour & Industrial Law.


In the Objective section of the PG-CLAT, you will be provided extracts from primary legal materials such as important court decisions in various fields of law, statutes or regulations. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate the:

  • Ability to read and comprehend the issues discussed in the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage;

  • Awareness of the issues discussed in the passage, as well as of legal issues and facts related to and arising out of the passage and the judgment or statute from which it is extracted;

  • Summarise the passage; and

  • Ability to apply your knowledge of the fields of law discussed in the passage.

In the descriptive section of the PG-CLAT, you will be required to write essays answering Any 2 questions from amongst the list of questions supplied. Your answers must not exceed 800 words each, and you will be required to demonstrate the following in your response:

  • Awareness of the legal, factual, and philosophical issues arising out of the questions you choose to answer;

  • Ability to structure your answer, and clearly set out various arguments and perspectives related to the topic set out in the questions and draw a conclusion based on the above.


CLAT-PG is a crucial exam for the candidates seeking higher studies in the field of law, with the limited number of seats, this examination can be a bit challenging for fresh law graduates. Here are the few things to keep in mind while preparing for the upcoming examination:

  • Syllabus Analysis:

The CLAT consortium expects that the law graduate should be well versed with the important aspects of all the legal subject, which they have covered during their undergraduate studies. In addition to this, they expect the student to be well aware of the recent judgments and legal issues that are unfolding in the legal arena. The aforementioned aspect will be checked through the objective as well as the subjective section of the paper.

In order to excel in both areas, the focus of the aspirants should be two-fold, while preparing for the objective section of the examination:

  1. Firstly, you need to thoroughly revise and get a grasp of significant legal topics and nuances of law subjects like Constitutional law, Company law, Criminal Law, Jurisprudence, Administrative law etc.

  2. Secondly, according to the new pattern, the candidates should cover important legal changes/amendments, new bills/acts enforced and important judgments especially pronounced by the Supreme court of India.

In respect of the subjective area of the paper, the core area to be covered are Constitutional law, Jurisprudence and recent legal issues. One has to develop a habit of reading current legal affairs on a daily basis as it will help you to cover the recent developments, amendments and updates that will make your subjective writing more elaborative.

  • When is the right time to prepare?

Every student has their own pace of covering up the examination subjects. There is no straight-jacket formula to deduce a perfect timing to crack the PG examination. However, on the safer side, one should take an edge of at least 3-4 months in order to go thoroughly with each area of law, as there are numerous subjects that needed to be covered.

As the syllabus is very wide, the best possible way to simplify this is to prepare a timeline, identify how much you need to wrap up a particular legal subject and start preparing accordingly. Keep a balance of both the areas and prepare simultaneously, for example, covering one legal topic and one or two judgments in a day, will help you maintain the pace of the studies.

  • Practice Writing essays:

One needs to target the subjective section, as much as they need to work on the objective area of the paper. While preparing for the subjective area, not only read the important case laws, provisions and legal issues but also practice writing essays of the type indicated above. Your essay needs to have clear presentations of issues, factual matters, arguments and conclusion. Look for previous year sample essays and try working on them. It would be beneficial if you get your practice essay checked by someone so that you can keep a tap on your mistake and work accordingly.

  • Previous Year Paper and Mock Tests:

As the exam pattern is quite different after the 2020 examination, one might think the previous year paper is of no relevance. However, this is not the case, irrespective of the change, the previous year paper will help you understand the areas of legal subjects that are needed to be covered from the examination point of view. So, aim at solving as many previous years paper as you can.

Additionally, since this year’s examination is going to be comprehension based, one should be able to solve as many multiple-choice questions as possible along with the exhaustive reading, therefore, the best-suggested way is to enrol yourself with a mock-test series of any institute.

  • Revision is the key:

Practice alone will help you get your desired NLU. One should not aim to just keep cramming up things and fill yourself with the tension of completing it all. Read a lot but don’t forget to take time out for revision, as it will make you stand out from others. Once done with your subject, make sure to revise it properly to be thorough with each and every aspect, so that when you switch to a new subject, you do not fear to have forgotten what all you have already covered so far.

Get, Set and Study!

Since, you can easily comprehend that it takes rigorous preparation for one to crack the CLAT PG examination, because of the open-ended syllabus and one might panic during its preparation. However, with the right technique, which suits you the best, the exam is just a piece of cake. So, don’t underestimate yourself and get, set, study!

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